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What is a Merle French Bulldog?
You may know the typical Frenchie colors like Fawn, Black, and Brindle… but have you heard of Merle Frenchies?
Merle Frenchies have the most unique coats– don’t believe me? Just look for yourself!
How to spot a Merle Frenchie
Merle Frenchies are easily distinguishable by their coats– random splotches of dark fur over a lighter base coat…
Common Merle Colors
Common colors in Merle Frenchies include: tan, white, black, red, and blue.
- (and more!)
What a Merle French Bulldog Looks Like
Here is a photo of a full-grown Merle French Bulldog:
Merle French Bulldog Traits
Commonly have: Bright blue eyes, dark brown eyes, tri-colored coat
Rarely have: Bi-color coat, odd-colored eyes
Types of Merle Frenchies
Merle can affect all coat colors, but these are some popular variations of the Merle coat.
Different Types of Merle Frenchies Explained
This video by Woodland Frenchies shows & explains the different types of Merle Frenchies better than I can… check it out!
How much are Merle French Bulldog Puppies?
A good breeder will not be cheap, but don’t overpay for a Frenchie
Unlike most dog breeds, Frenchies require to be artificially inseminated & undergo a c-section to give birth.
- C-sections – used to remove puppies from the uterus
- Artificial insemination – used to impregnate a female dog
This means that you’re going to pay at least a couple thousand dollars for a well-bred Frenchie… did you know that the average cost to breed a Frenchie is $7,000!
Are Merle Frenchies Rare?
Yes! Merle Frenchies are one of the rarest French Bulldog colors, along with Blue, Blue Fawn, and Platinum.
How are Merle French Bulldogs Bred?
The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M allele.
All merle dogs have the genotype Mm — meaning they have one allele for merle and one allele for non-merle.
All non-merles are mm.
If you breed a merle (Mm) to a non-merle (mm) you will on average produce a litter in which a half of the puppies get the M allele so are Mm (merle) and half get the non-merle allele so are mm.
Merle French Bulldog Health Problems
All Frenchies have a higher risk of health issues when compared to the average dog breed.
But Merle dogs — especially “double Merles” — are prone to even more problems!
Merle Frenchie Eye Problems
- Microphthalmia: small eyes– severe cases can cause blindness at birth
- Iris hypoplasia: thinning of the iris
- Corectopia: an off-centered pupil
Merle Frenchie Deafness
|Merle Type||Prevalence of Unilateral Deafness||Prevalence of Bilateral Deafness|
Regular Frenchie Health Issues
French Bulldogs in general (not just Merle) are prone to a whole bunch of health issues…
Among Frenchies’ many health issues, joint problems are the most common.
- Joint problems: hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, and arthritis.
- Breathing issues: stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, tracheal collapse
- Spinal issues: hemivertebrae, intervertebral disc disease, degenerative myelopathy
- Eye problems: cherry eye, cataracts, entropion (eyelid rolling inwards), and distichiasis (extra eyelash in abnormal location)
Frequently Asked Questions
Are Merle French Bulldogs Recognized by the AKC?
No, Merle Frenchies are not one of the official colors recognized by the AKC.
Therefore, you are unable to register your Merle Frenchie with the AKC.
Colors officially recognized by the AKC
These 8 colors are officially recognized by the AKC as an “official” French Bulldog color– any others aren’t officially considered a Frenchie to the AKC.
- Fawn & White
- White & Brindle
- Fawn Brindle
- Fawn Brindle & White
Are Merle Frenchies Purebred?
No, there is no such thing as a Purebred Merle Frenchie, as Purebred Frenchies don’t carry the Merle gene unless they’re bred with another breed.